Several books have been written about the history of color design in the United States. Most focus on exterior color schemes, but some also discuss historic uses of interior color. Also, remember that the library's picture file (in the Art & Music Room on the third floor at Central Library) has many many files of pictures of house interiors, exteriors, and architectural details.
Dig into the past with resources at the library. Librarians can get you started as you research the history of your family, house or local community.